Basic Civil Engineering


Traditional Materials

.1 Stones
.2 Bricks
Types of Bricks
Properties of Bricks
Tests on Bricks
Classification of Bricks Based on-their Quality
.3 Lime
Types of Limes and their Properties
Tests on Limestones
Uses of Lime
.4 Cement
Types of Cement
Properties of Ordinary Portland Cement
Physical Tests on Cement
Uses of Cement
.5 Timber
Classification of Timber
Properties of Timber
Seasoning of Timber
Defects in Timber
Preservation of Timber
Uses of Timber


2.1 Sand
2.2 Cement Mortar
2.3 Lime Mortar
2.4 Mud Mortar
2.5 Special Mortar
2.6 Tests on Mortar


3.1 Plain Concrete
Functions of Various Ingredients
Preparing and Placing of Concrete
Curing of Concrete
Properties of Concrete
Properties of Green Concrete
Properties of Hardened Concrete
Tests on Concrete
Desirable Properties of Concrete
Uses of Concrete
3.2 Reinforced Cement Concrete (R.C.C.)
3.3 Reinforced Brick Concrete (RBC)
3.4 Prestressed Concrete (PSC)
3.5 Fibre-Reinforced Concrete (FRC)
3.6 Cellular Concrete
3.7 Ferro-Cement

Metals As Building Materials

4.1 Ferrous Metals
4.2 Aluminium
4.3 Copper

Miscellaneous Building Materials

5.1 Glass
5.2 Plastics
5.3 Bitumen
5.4 Asbestos
5.5 Paints
5.6 Distempers
5.7 Varnishes
5.8 Solid and Hollow Concrete Blocks
5.9 Roofing and Flooring Tiles


Building Planning

6.1 Elements of a Building
6.2 Basic Requirements of a Building
6.3 Planning
6.4 Planning Suitable Orientation
6.5 Planning for Energy Efficiency
6.6 Planning for Suitable Utility
6.7 Planning for Meeting Other Requirements


7.1 Dimensions of Foundation
7.2 Conventional Spread Footings
7.3 R.C.C. Footings
7.4 Grillage Footing
7.5 Arch Foundation
7.6 Pile Foundations
7.7 Foundations in Black Cotton Soil

Super Structures

8.1 Types of Super Structures Based on the Method of Load Transfer
8.2 Walls
8.3 Stone Masonry
8.4 Brick Masonry
8.5 Plastering
8.6 Pointing
8.7 Flooring
8.8 Roof
8.9 Doors and Windows
8.10 Lintels
8.11 Stairs

Dampness and Its Prevention

9.1 Causes of Dampness
9.2 Ill-Effects of Dampness
9.3 Requirements of an Ideal Material for Damp Proofing
9.4 Materials for Damp Proofing
9.5 Methods of Damp Proofing

Cost Effective Construction Techniques In Mass Housing Schemes

0.1 Minimum Standards
0.2 Approach to Cost Effective Mass Housing Schemes
0.3 Cost Effective Construction Techniques


Introduction to Surveying

1.1 Object and Uses of Surveying
1.2 Primary Divisions in Surveying
1.3 Fundamental Principles of Surveying
1.4 Classification of Surveying
1.5 Plans and Maps
1.6 Scales
1.7 Types of Graphical Scales
1.8 Units of Measurements

Linear Measurements and Chain Surveying

2.1 Methods of Linear Measurements
2.2 Instruments used in Chaining
2.3 Chain Surveying
2.4 Ranging
2.5 Obstacles in Chaining
2.6 Errors in Chaining
2.7 Tape Corrections
2.8 Conventional Symbols

Compass Surveying

3.1 Types of Compass
3.2 Method of Using a Compass
3.3 Bearing
3.4 Whole Circle Bearing and Reduced Bearing
3.5 Computation of Angles
3.6 Declination and DIP
3.7 Local Attraction
3.8 Chain and Compass Surveying Field Work

Plane Table Surveying

4.1 Plane Table and its Accessories
4.2 Working Operations
4.3 Methods of Plane Tabling
4.4 Errors in Plane Table Surveying
4.5 Advantages and Limitations of Plane Table Survey

Level And Levelling

5.1 Object and Uses of Levelling
5.2 Terms Used in Levelling
5.3 Levelling Instruments
5.4 Levelling Staff
5.5 Methods of Levelling
5.6 Terms Used in Direct Method of Levelling
5.7 Temporary Adjustments of a Level
5.8 Types of Direct Levelling

Modern Tools of Surveying

6.1 Theodolite
6.2 Electromagnetic Distance Measuring Instruments
6.3 Total Station
6.4 Global Positioning System

UNIT IV: Mapping and Sensing

Mapping And Contouring

7.1 Mapping
7.2 Contours
7.3 Methods of Contouring

Areas and Volumes

8.1 Computation of Areas from Field Notes
8.2 Computing Areas from Maps
8.3 Computation of Volumes

Remote Sensing and Its Applications

9.1 Remote sensing
9.2 Geographical Information System (GIS)


Disaster Resistant Buildings

20.1 Earthquakes Resistant Buildings
20.2 Types of Earthquakes
20.3 Terminology
20.4 Magnitude and Intensity
20.5 Seismograph
20.6 I.S: Codes on Earthquake Resistant Building Design
20.7 Improving Earthquake Resistance of Small Buildings
20.8 Improving Earthquake Resistance of Tall Buildings
20.9 Cyclone Resistant Buildings
20.10 Fire Resistant Building

Disaster Management and Planning

21.1 Disaster Prevention Strategy
21.2 Early Warning System
21.3 Disaster Preparedness
21.4 Disaster Mitigation
21.5 Disaster Rescue and Relief Measures
21.6 Disaster Resettlement, Rehabilitation and Reconstruction

Indian Standard Codes

22.1 IS Codes for Building Design
22.2 IS Codes for Building Materials and Construction

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