Disaster Preparedness

At all levels of civil administration committees are established and responsibilities and urgently required finance entrusted. At national level Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, a national disaster management division is established. It has prepared guidelines for disaster management. The national disaster management authority is responsible for
Providing necessary support and assistance to state Governments.
Coordinating and managing Government policies for disaster mitigation.
Ensure adequate preparedness at all levels.
Coordinating response to a disaster when it strikes.
Assisting the provisional Governments in coordinating post disaster relief and rehabilitation.
Monitor and introduce a culture of building a requisite features of disaster mitigation in all development plan and programmes.
In India all states have been asked to set up Disaster Management Authorities. Chief Minister heads this authority. He is assisted by senior officers from various departments like Water Resources, Agriculture, Water Supply, Environment, Forest, Urban and Rural development.
At district level district magistrate/deputy commissioner heads the committee. He is assisted by the officers from various departments in the district. At block levels also disaster management committees have been established. Every concerned person is informed about his duties and responsibilities in disaster management. The committees have major role in
Community involvement and awareness generation.
Close interaction with the corporate sector, Non-Governmental Organisations (NGO) and the media.
Train the disaster managers.
Training the concerned people in facing national disaster is very important part of disorder preparedness. Training programmes are organised in Administrative Training Institutions and at various places for different target groups. In CBSE curriculum also lessons are added on disaster mitigation.
The masons and engineers should be trained to build earthquake, cyclone and fire resistant buildings. Hospital staff should be trained to take the challanges of disaster management. Disaster prone areas are to be identified and at suitable places good hospitals should be built, communication facility provided including helicopter landings. Sufficient medicines should be stored.

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