Industrial Air Conditioning

Certain manufacturing processes call for close control of temperature and relative humidity. A typical control system is shown in Fig. 13.45. The humidistat may be of the single-pole, double-throw type.
On a rise in room humidity, the refrigeration compressor cuts in for the purpose of dehumidification. Since the sensible capacity of the cooling coil usually is much higher than the sensible load, whereas the latent capacity does not differ too much from the latent load, undercooling results. The room thermostat will then send enough steam or hot water to the reheat coil to maintain proper room temperature.
A small drop in room relative humidity will cut off the compressor. A further drop in room relative humidity will energize the water or steam solenoid valve to add moisture to the air. The thermostat is also arranged to cut off all steam from  the reheat coil when the room temperature reaches the thermostat setting. However, there may be periods when the humidistat will not call for the operation of the refrigeration compressor and the room temperature will climb above the thermostat setting. An arrangement is provided for the thermostat to cut in the compressor to counteract the increase in room temperature.
When calculating the load for an industrial system, designers should allow for the thermal capacity and moisture content of the manufactured product entering and leaving the room. Often, this part of the load is a considerable percentage of the total.

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