Asphalts for Dampproofing and Waterproofing

Dampproofing is generally only a mopped-on coating, whereas waterproofing usually is a built-up coating of one or more plies. Bituminous systems used for dampproofing and waterproofing may be hot applied or cold applied.
ASTM D449, Asphalt Used in Dampproofing and Waterproofing, specifies three types of asphalt. Type I, a soft, adhesive, easy-flowing, self-healing bitumen, is intended for use for underground construction, such as foundations, or where similar moderate temperature conditions exist. The softening point of Type I may range from 115 to 140F. Type II may be used above ground; for example, on retaining walls or where temperatures will not exceed 122F. The softening point of Type II may range from 145 to 170F.
D449 asphalts are suitable for use with an asphalt primer meeting the requirements of ASTM D41. In construction of membrane waterproofing systems with these asphalts, felts should conform to ASTM D226 or D250, fabrics to D173, D1327, or D1668, and asphalt-impregnated glass mats to D2178.
For cold-applied systems, asphalt emulsions or cut-back asphalt mastic reinforced with glass fabric may be used. ASTM D1187 specifies asphalt-based emulsions for protective coatings for metal. D491 contains requirements for asphalt mastic for use in waterproofing building floors but not intended as pavement. The mastic is a mixture of asphalt cement, mineral filler, and mineral aggregate. D1668 covers glass fabric for roofing and waterproofing membranes.

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