In addition to building and zoning codes, building design and construction must comply with many other regulations. These include those of the local or state health, labor, and fire departments; local utility companies; and local departments of highways, streets, sewers, and water. These agencies may require that drawings for the building be submitted for review and that a permit be granted before construction starts.
Also, building construction and conditions in buildings after completion must comply with regulations of the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) based on the Occupational Safety and Health Act originally passed by Congress in 1970. There is, however, no provision in this law for reviewing building plans before construction starts. OSHA usually inspects buildings only after an accident occurs or a complaint has been received. Therefore, building owners, designers, and contractors should be familiar with OSHA requirements and enforce compliance with them.
Other government agencies also issue regulations affecting buildings. For example, materials used in military construction must conform with federal specifications.
Another example: Buildings must provide access and facilities for disabled persons, in accordance with requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).