Large Horizontally Sliding Doors

Door leaves in the horizontally sliding type are equipped with bearing-type bottom wheels and ride rails in the floor while top rollers operate in overhead guides. Two variations are in common use telescoping and folding.
Telescoping doors (Fig. 11.67) are frequently used for airplane hangars. Normally composed of several leaves, they may be center parting or open to one side only, as illustrated in Fig. 11.67. Open doors are stacked in pockets at ends of the opening. They are built of wood, steel, or a combination of the two.
Telescoping doors are frequently operated by motors located in the end pockets.
The motors drive an endless chain attached to tops of closing leaves. Remaining leaves are moved by a series of interconnecting cables attached to the powered leaf and arranged so that all leaves arrive at open or closed position simultaneously.
Motor size ranges from 1 to 10 hp, travel speed of leaves from 45 to 160 ft /mm.
The weight of the leaves must be taken by footings below the rails. Provision also must be made to take care of wind loads transmitted to the top guide channels by the doors and to carry the weight of these channels.
Folding doors (Fig. 11.68) are commonly used for subdividing gymnasiums, auditoriums, and cafeterias and for hangars with very wide openings. This type of door is made up of a series of leaves hinged together in pairs. Leaves fold outward, and when the door is shut, they are held by automatic folding stays. Motors that operate biparting doors usually are located in mullions adjacent to the center of the opening. The mullions are connected by cables to the ends of the opening, and when the door is to be opened, the mullions are drawn toward the ends, sweeping  the leaves along. Travel speed may vary from 45 to 160 ft /mm.
Chief advantage of folding over telescoping types is that only two guide channels are required, regardless of width. Thus, less metal is required for guide channels  and rails, and less material for the supporting members above. Also, since wind loading is applied to leaves that are always partly in folded position, the triangular configuration gives the door considerable lateral stiffness. Hence, panel thickness may be less for folding than for telescoping doors, and a lighter load may be used for designing footings.


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